Friday, March 02, 2012

Grocer Wilhelm Schmidt at 18th & T Streets becomes a Builder

Grocer Wilhelm Schmidt
Like many buildings and houses in the District of Columbia, the well known building on the northeast corner of 18th and S Street was not built as the result of one particular building permit, but rather evolved over time from a modest house with a series of additions and alterations.  It served for many years as the original location of the famed Lauriol Plaza, a Mexican restaurant now located a block north, in a new building at 18th and T Street; today it is the site of the popular Rosemary’s Thyme restaurant.    

Interestingly, the original configuration of the corner building was that of a brick townhouse, matching those located between 1743 and 1753 S Street today.  They were all built simultaneously sometime before 1874, the year they were valued at $3,000 each, a substantial sum for the time.  They are situated well behind the building line, providing a deep front yard.

Schmidt Grocery at 18th and T Streets, NW.  Copyright Chris Hinkle.
The end two houses, 1759-1761 S Street, at 18th Street, were later added onto both the front and rear to form a grocery story, and later a restaurant; they also later had a duel address of 1801-1805 18th Street when their orientation was changed to face west.  An adjoining building at 1807 18th Street was built by Susan Fletcher in1889, the same year three rear wood frame kitchens were added to the corner buildings.     

Susan Fletcher was the owner of record of the corner building in September of 1900, when Wilhelm Schmidt applied for a permit to construct three large show windows on the corner, one measuring over 22 feet long, all at a cost of $600.  A grocer, Schmidt would operate a business at the location for about 30 years, which also carried the finest array of wines and liquors, delivered by a horse drawn truck, seen in the image above.
18th and T Street photographed recently

A separate dwelling on the site built in 1889 was the subject of a complaint by a Mrs. M. C. O’Brian of 1912 13th Street years later, in a letter dated July 29, 1908.  She claimed that the dwelling built behind 1807 18th Street had been recently utilized as a stable, which she found “very objectionable.”  The building inspector noted in his reply that the owner was to apply for a stable permit or face “prosecution if necessary.”

Wilhelm Schmidt is pictured about 1908 inside his business in the liquor room.  Signs on the wall indicate that no one under the age of 21 was allowed in the room, and on the floor one can see stacks of “Old Possum Hollow” whiskey.  Schmidt ran a successful business at the site for nearly three decades, and when he died in 1935, he left an estate worth and estimated $400,000, an impressive sum not long after the Depression was coming to a close. 

The “Schmidt & Brandt” building partnership was composed of Schmidt and another grocer named Frederick Brandt.  Although apparently short lived, the two combined financial resources to build a total of twenty-three known houses in Washington, DC.

The included nine located at 1502 to 1518 E Street, SE and four between 434 and 440 15th Street, SE, built in 1906, designed by B. F. Meyers; five located between 1520 and 1528 E Street, SE designed by ASJ Atkinson and built in 1907, and the five located between 120 and 128 W Street, NW, designed by George S. Cooper and built beginning in late 1907.  
Wilhelm Schmidt in his Liquor Room about 1908.  Copyright Chris Hinkle
The Schmidt and Brandt contracting business recorded 53 Quincy Place, NW as their address on various building permits in 1906 and 1907, which was the home of grocer Federick D. Brandt and his wife Sophia.  The 1910 City Directory reveals that Brandt operated a produce stand in stalls 48 and 57 in the Riggs market.  The 1920 census indicates that Brandt had been born in Germany in 1872, and his wife a year later; both had immigrated in 1887, and became naturalized citizens in 1896.          

Always conscience community members, the Schmidt’s set up a food stand for the rescue workers aiding the victims of the Knickerbocker Theatre disaster in January of 1922.  The 1920 census taken at the corner store indicated that Wilhelm Schmidt lived above his business, typical at the time.  He resided there along with his wife Johanna, and five daughters ranging in age from 4 to 22.

Wilhelm had been born in 1872 in Germany, and had immigrated to the U.S. in 1888, according to the census taker.  His wife Joanna had been born in Germany in 1875, and emigrated in 1893.  They both became U.S. citizens in 1896.  By 1930, the City Directory indicates that Wilhelm and Joanna had moved into a house at 4225 17th Street in the Crestwood neighborhood.         

Copyright Paul K. Williams.  Photographs copyright Chris Hinkle.   


U Street Buzz said...

Another great post!

Derek said...

The photo is actually 18th & S.